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Region Detail

South Africa : Coastal Region

General Information: Coastal Region is a significant Wine of Origin designation and wine-producing area in the Western Cape that forms the heart of the South African wine industry. Stretching from Darling in the north to Cape Point and Constantia in the south, and to Stellenbosch and Paarl in the east, it accounts for nearly half of all the area under vine in South Africa. Many of the best-known wine regions are located within the borders of Coastal region. Wines labeled as Coastal Region tend to be blended with fruit from vineyards in more than one of these (sub-)regions, or need the flexibility to be able to do so.

Soil:Being a large region, there is a great diversity of soil types found throughout. Vineyards along the western coast from Constantia to Darling can be found on soils of weathered granite, with some deposits of Malmesbury shale in the Tygerberg Hills and in Swartland. Pockets of granite are also found further inland but Table Mountain sandstone is more common, particularly around Stellenbosch, Franschhoek and Paarl.

Grapes:There is a huge variation of grape varieties cultivated in the Coastal Region. Sauvignon Blanc is grown along the coast in Tygerberg, Constantia and Cape Point. The bush vine Sauvignon Blanc from Darling is a particularly unusual wine made in the region. Towards the inland mountain ranges, where the climate is hotter and drier, there is more Shiraz, Chenin Blanc and Pinotage grown. In the more southern areas of Stellenbosch and Constantia, red wines made from the Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot grape varieties are often found together as part of a Bordeaux Blend.

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